Xi'an, China picture 1
Xi'an, China picture 2

Xi'an, China

Xi'an was called Chang'an in ancient times. Historians acclaim Chang'an together with Athens of Greece, Rome of Italy and Istanbul of Turkey as the four capitals of ancient civilization.

Chang'an served as the capital for 11 dynasties in history. From here 73 emperors ruled over China for a total duration of 1,100 years. It was from Chang'an in 139 B.C. that Zhang Qian set out on his long westward journey that was to open the Silk Road, the main trading route between east and west for 2000 years. Chang'an subsequently became a juncture where East and West met and the city grew into the most vibrant capital in the Orient during the Han and Tang dynasties. The importance and prosperity of this ancient capital left behind a wealth of valuable historical sites. However, it is more than those tombs, monasteries, temples and the Qin emperor's terra-cotta soldiers and generals that Chang'an proudly boasts. The vicinity of Xi'an also has sites of maternal clan societies of some 6,000 years ago - an indication of the profundity and impact of thousands of years of Chinese civilization.

Xi'an is the centre of politics, economy and culture of Shaanxi and also the largest city in northwest China. It has a population of 2.76 million and covers an area of 157sq. km.

Terracotta Warriors -- Big Wild Goose Pagoda -- The Ancient Ruins at Banpo -- Tombs of Tang Emperors
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